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communityjusticebannerRJ and Criminal Justice Reform

Community justice broadly refers to all variants of crime prevention and justice activities that explicitly include the community in their processes. Community justice is rooted in the actions that citizens, community organizations, and the criminal justice system can take to control crime and social disorder. Its central focus is community-level outcomes, shifting the emphasis from individual incidents to systemic patterns, from individual conscience to social mores, and from individual goods to the common good. Typically, community justice is conceived as a partnership between the formal criminal justice system and the community, but often communities autonomously engage in activities that directly or indirectly address crime.

Reentry Employment

The Skidmore RJ Project is advising When People Work, a new social entrepreneurship helping formerly-incarcerated people find employment. 

Recent Papers

Zarro, Francis. 2015. In Our Name.

Zarro, Francis. 2015. Prosecutorial Dominance in the Plea Process, and a Look at Alternative Principles and Practices.

Zarro, Francis. 2015. Let’s Act Now to Disrupt the Pipeline to Prison.

Zarro, Francis. 2015. Creating an Independent Public Defense Authority in New York State.

Zarro, Francis. 2016. In Search of Gideon, 53 Years Later.

Books

cover of wounds that do not bindWounds That Do Not Bind: Victim-Based Perspectives on the Death Penalty (2006)

This edited volume focuses on the role of victims' families in capital punishment. It includes empirical and legal research as well as the voices of victims who both support and oppose the death penalty.



 

cover of the community justice idealThe Community Justice Ideal (1999)

 

A seminal book advancing the theory and application of community justice. This book focuses on the importance of community involvement in crime prevention and criminal justice, including the restorative justice movement. 

cover of what is community justice

What is Community Justice? Case Studies of Restorative Justice and Community Supervision (2002)

This edited volume, aimed at college students, provides an overview of the community justice model and its application in policing, courts, and corrections.



 

 

cover of community justice an emerging field

Community Justice: An Emerging Field (1998)

This edited collection introduces community justice as a theoretical model by integrating seminal studies in policing, courts, and corrections

 

 

 

Articles

Karp, David R. and Olivia Frank. 2016. “Anxiously Awaiting the Future of Restorative Justice in the United States.”Victims & Offenders. 11:50-70.

Karp, David R. 2010. “Unlocking Men, Unmasking Masculinities: Doing Men’s Work in Prison.” Journal of Men’s Studies 18:63-83.

Chesire, J.D. and David R. Karp. 2007. “Volunteer Management in Boards of Probation: Perceptions of Equity, Efficiency, and Reciprocity Among Vermont Volunteers.” Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 44:65-99.

Acker, James R. and David R. Karp. 2006. “Introduction: Victims and the Death Penalty.” Pp. 3-16 in Wounds That Do Not Bind: Victim-Based Perspectives on the Death Penalty, edited by James R. Acker and David R. Karp. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Karp, David R. and Jarrett Warshaw. 2006. “Their Day in Court: The Role of Murder Victims’ Families in Capital Juror Decision-Making.” Pp. 275-296 in Wounds That Do Not Bind: Victim-Based Perspectives on the Death Penalty, edited by James R. Acker and David R. Karp. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.

Karp, David R. and Kevin Drakulich. 2004. “Minor Crime in a Quaint Setting: An Evaluation of Vermont Reparative Probation.” Criminology & Public Policy 3:655-686.

Bazemore, Gordon and David R. Karp. 2004. “A Civic Justice Corps: Community Service as a Means of Reintegration.” Justice Policy Journal 1:1-37.

Karp, David R., Matthew Sweet, Andrew Kirshenbaum, and Gordon Bazemore. 2004. “Reluctant Participants in Restorative Justice? Youthful Offenders and their Parents.” Contemporary Justice Review. 7:199-216.

Karp, David R., Gordon Bazemore, and J.D. Chesire. 2004. “The Role and Attitudes of Restorative Board Members: A Case Study of Volunteers in Community Justice.” Crime & Delinquency. 50:487-515.

Breslin, Beau and David R. Karp. 2003. “Debating Death: Critical Issues in Capital Punishment.” Pp. 303-320 in Critical Issues in Crime and Justice, edited by Albert R. Roberts. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Bazemore, Gordon and David R. Karp. 2002. “Community Justice Sanctioning Models: Assessing Program Integrity.” Pp. 185-212 in Repairing Communities Through Restorative Justice, edited by John Perry. Lanham, MD: American Correctional Association Press.

Karp, David R, Jodi Lane, and Susan Turner. 2002. “Ventura County and the Theory of Community Justice.” Pp. 3-33 in What is Community Justice? Case Studies of Restorative Justice and Community Supervision, edited by David R. Karp and Todd R. Clear. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Karp, David R. 2002. “The Offender/Community Encounter: Stakeholder Involvement in the Vermont Reparative Boards.” Pp. 61-86 in What is Community Justice? Case Studies of Restorative Justice and Community Supervision, edited by David R. Karp and Todd R. Clear. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Karp, David R. and Lynne Walther. 2001. “Community Reparative Boards in Vermont” Pp. 199-218 in Restorative Community Justice: Repairing Harm and Transforming Communities, edited by Gordon Bazemore and Mara Schiff. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Karp, David R. 2001. “Harm and Repair: Observing Restorative Justice in Vermont.” Justice Quarterly. 18:727-757.

Karp, David R. 2000. “The New Debate About Shame in Criminal Justice: An Interactionist Account.” Justice System Journal. 21:301-322.

Karp, David R. and Todd R. Clear. 2000. “Community Justice: A Conceptual Framework.” Pp. 323-368 in Boundaries Changes in Criminal Justice Organizations, vol. 2, Criminal Justice 2000, edited by Charles M. Friel. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice.

Karp, David R. 1999. “Community Justice: Six Challenges.” Journal of Community Psychology. 27:751-69.

Clear, Todd R. and David R. Karp. 1998. “Community Justice: An Essay” Corrections Management Quarterly. 2:49-60.

Clear, Todd R. and David R. Karp. 1998. “The Community Justice Movement.” Pp. 3-30 in Community Justice: An Emerging Field, edited by David R. Karp. Lanham MD: Rowman and Littlefield Press.

Karp, David R. 1998. “The Judicial and Judicious Use of Shame Penalties.”Crime & Delinquency. 44:277-94.

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