Promoting Restorative Initiatives for Sexual Misconduct on college campuses
Campus PRISM members gather at the 2015 NACRJ conference in Florida
Campus PRISM Project
Restorative justice (RJ) encompasses a range of processes, programs, practices, and policies as well as a philosophical perspective that offers a new approach to addressing the problem of sexual and gender-based misconduct on college campuses. A restorative approach is responsive to individual incidents of misconduct as well as to the broader cultural contexts that support such behavior by offering non-adversarial options for prevention education, resolution, and pathways to safe and accountable reintegration. RJ offers interventions that focus on understanding the harm caused, how to repair harm, how to prevent its reoccurrence, and how to ensure safe communities. RJ offers a way to support survivors to heal from the trauma of victimization, while creating a space for offenders to be accountable for their actions and take steps to reduce their risk of reoffending. Restorative interventions are also used for community building to establish appropriate standards of sexual conduct on campus, reduce fear, and counteract the hostile climate often characterized as “rape culture.”
The Campus PRISM Project (Promoting Restorative Initiatives for Sexual Misconduct) includes an international team of researchers and practitioners who are deeply invested in reducing sexual and gender-based violence by exploring how a restorative approach may provide more healing and better accountability. The Project is coordinated by the Skidmore College Project on Restorative Justice.
Campus PRISM promotes restorative justice processes that…
- Encourage true accountability through a collaborative rather than adversarial process;
- Reduce risk of reoffending and provide greater reassurance of safety to survivors/harmed parties and the community;
- Meet survivors’/harmed parties’ needs for safety, support, and justice; and
- Create meaningful forums for the examination of hostile campus climates and the development of community-building interventions.
Goals of the Campus PRISM Project:
- Create space for scholars and practitioners to explore the use of RJ for campus sexual and gender-based misconduct (which includes sexual harassment, sexual assault, and other forms of gender-based misconduct) as an alternative or complement to current practices.
- Consider the potential and challenges of RJ in light of the national concern about campus sexual assault.
- Apply lessons learned from the use of RJ in criminal justice sex offenses, e.g. Circles of Support and Accountability, restorative conferencing, and other trauma-informed practices.
- Gather and disseminate knowledge about RJ practice and research.
- Explore the potential for multi-campus RJ pilots.
Campus PRISM: A Report on Promoting Restorative Initiatives for Sexual Misconduct on College Campuses
Download the report for free...
Campus PRISM Webinar
Watch the webinar for free...
April 14, 2016--Campus PRISM report featured in The Nation:"Can Restorative Justice Change the Way Schools Handle Sexual Assault?"
April 6, 2016--Campus PRISM Project releases new report.
February 17, 2016--Campus PRISM Project Webinar available for free: Restorative Responses to Campus Sexual Assault. Kaaren Williamsen and David Karp with host, Howard Zehr.
September 9, 2015-- The New York Times Editorial Board endorses our work: "An Alternative Approach to Campus Justice"
Victim Perspectives on RJ
In a essay in The Nation, Deborah Copaken Kogan writes about her perspective on RJ: "Entering the Mind of My Rapist: An Exercise in Extreme Empathy" (2015)
Similarly, Tove Danovich shares her perspective in Aeon: "Was I raped?" (2015)
This short video from England shares the experience of a rape survivor participating in a RJ dialogue with her offender.
Brenner, Alletta. 2013. "Transforming Campus Culture to Prevent Rape: The Possibility and Promise of Restorative Justice as a Response to Campus Sexual Violence." Harvard Journal of Law & Gender.
Karp, David R. 2015. "Restorative Justice at Dalhousie: A Reasoned Alternative to the 'Rush to Judgment."Association for Student Conduct Administration Law and Policy Report. January 29.
Kirven, Stephane Jasmin. 2014. "Isolation to Empowerment: A Review of the Campus Rape Adjudication Process." Journal of International Criminal Justice Research 2:1-15.
Koss, Mary P., Jay K. Wilgus. and Kaaren M. Williamsen. 2014. "Campus Sexual Misconduct: Restorative Justice Approaches to Enhance Compliance with Title IX Guidance." Trauma, Violence & Abuse. 15: 242-257.
Koss, Mary P., and Elise C. Lopez. 2014. "VAWA After the Party: Implementing Proposed Guidelines on Campus Sexual Assault Resolution." CUNY Law Review December 19.
Llewellyn, Jennifer J, Jacob MacIsaac, and Melissa Mackay. 2015. Report from the Restorative Justice Process at the Dalhousie University Faculty of Dentistry. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada: Dalhousie University.
Llewellyn, Jennifer J., Amanda Demsey and Jillian Smith. 2015. An Unfamiliar Justice Story: Restorative Justice and Education. Reflections on Dalhousie’s Facebook Incident 2015. Our Schools/Our Selves 25:43-56.
New Zealand Law Commission. 2015. The Justice Response to Victims of Sexual Violence: Criminal Trials and Alternative Processes. NZLC R136.
Oudshoorn, Judah, Michelle Jackett, and Lorraine Stutzman Amstutz. 2015. The Little Book of Restorative Justice for Sexual Abuse: Hope Through Trauma. New York: Good Books.
Campus PRISM Members
Interest in our project is growing rapidly. We welcome your participation. We have four working groups focusing on prevention, response, reintegration, and project strategy. Contact us with your particular interest or expertise. We are happy to add anyone to our Advisory Group, which receives our email communications and offers advice to the working groups as requested.
Campus PRISM Co-Chairs
|David Karp||Skidmore College||Kaaren Williamsen||Swarthmore College|
Campus PRISM members
|Prevention Group||Advisory Group|
|Julie Shackford-Bradley (Coordinator)||UC Berkeley||Lyndsay Anderson||Dalhousie University|
|Rachel Cunliffe||Portland State University||Caitlan Hendrickson||University of Arizona|
|Laura Haave||Carleton College||Derrick Franke||Michigan State University|
|Meg Bossong||Williams College||Erin Dagle||Skidmore College|
|Nina Harris||Swarthmore College||Mariel Martin||Skidmore College|
|Jordan Perry||Hampshire College|
|Reintegration Group||Gary Pavela||National Association of College and University Attorneys|
|Robin Wilson (Coordinator)||McMaster University||Andrea Seabert||Evergreen State University|
|Ida Dickie||Spalding University||Jennifer Berman||Antioch College|
|Rick Shafer||Michigan State University||Nadia Bazzy||University of Michigan|
|Charlene Berquist||Missouri State University||Carrie Landrum||University of Michigan|
|Melissa Mackay||Dalhousie University||Rod Kelley||Florida State University|
|Stephane Kirven||Sacred Heart University||Jennifer Broomfield||Florida State University|
|Sheryl Wilson||NACRJ Board||Howard Kallem||Duke University|
|Duke Fisher||Learning Labs|
|Response Group||Howard Zehr||Eastern Mennonite University|
|Kaaren Williamsen (Coordinator)||Swarthmore College||Jay Wilgus||University of Michigan|
James Madison University
|Joan Pennell||North Carolina State University||Lauren Ellis||James Madison University|
|Nuri Nusrat||Impact Justice||Catherine Spear||University of Virginia|
|Stacy Vander Velde||University of West Virginia||Rachel Storm||University of Illinois|
|Josh Bacon||James Madison University||Anne Seymour||National Crime Victim Advocate|
|Elise Lopez||University of Arizona||Ryan Holmes||University of Texas - El Paso|
|Karen Guttentag||Middlebury College|
|Gina Smith||Pepper Hamilton Law|
|Strategy Group||Holly Rider-Milkovich||University of Michigan|
|David Karp (Coordinator)||Skidmore College||Anne Bonner||Oregon State University|
|Mary Koss||University of Arizona
||Jennifer Anderson||University of Otago|
|Kaaren Williamsen||Swarthmore College||Deborah Eerkes||University of Alberta|
|Julie Shackford-Bradley||UC Berkeley||Chris Hackett||University of Alberta|
|Donna Coker||University of Miami||Jill Atkinson||Truckee Meadows Community College|
|Jennifer Llewellyn||Dalhousie University||Caitlin Robertson||Gonzaga University|
|Abigail Erle||Emerson College|
|Millicent Carvalho||Bryn Mawr College|
|Leah Soule||Know Your IX|
|Sheila McMahon||Brandeis University|