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Hungry AND Obese? An Investigation into the Impact of Federal Food Programs on Food Insecure Families Suffering From Obesity

Authors:
Hilary Keasling

Advisor:
Dr. Jeffrey Segrave

Abstract:

Purpose:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact that federal nutrition programs have towards food insecure individuals suffering from overweight and obesity. The study focused on the impact that the Food Stamp Program, School Lunch and School Breakfast Program, and Women, Infants and Children (WIC) have on the hunger and obesity paradox.

Methods
:
Using secondary data analysis, the study analyzed definitions, statistics, the populations affected, and the causes and consequences of food insecurity and obesity in the United States. Through inquiry into the federal nutrition program, and on the basis of recommendations about program revisions from health professionals, the study offers conclusions about further approaches that need to and should be taken towards investigating this issue.

Results
:
The study found that federal nutrition programs are generally successful in their goal of reducing hunger and food insecurity. However, there needs to be a greater focus placed on improving nutritional quality rather than reducing hunger. Greater attention needs to be given to increasing nutrition education and awareness on the situation that is occurring within the low-income populations. Through the recommended program revisions provided, the goal of reducing obesity and overweight in low-income individuals can be achieved.

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