What Must Be Registered
Experiments involving the following must be registered with the IBC:
- Pathogens affecting humans, animals or plants;
- Materials potentially containing human pathogens (for example, unfixed human specimens, human blood)
- Recombinant DNA molecules including virus vectors
- Human cell lines that are not well-characterized or require Risk Group 2 containment
- Generation of de novo transgenic animals: defined as the addition of foreign DNA or subtraction of a portion of the animal genome using recombinant DNA technology. The breeding of transgenic animals to generate additional transgenic offspring does not require IBC approval. Those transgenic animals that already exist or which have been purchased also do not require IBC approval.
- All research involving the use of recombinant or synthetic nucleic acid molecules containing no more than two-thirds of the genome of any eukaryotic virus, or biohazards.
- Animal Subjects: All research involving the use of recombinant molecules or biohazards in whole animals requires both IBC and IACUC approval.
- Human Subjects: Any research involving the introduction of recombinant molecules or biohazards into human subjects must be approved by the IBC and by the IRB.
Human Cells and Tissues
Human and non-human primate cells should be handled using Risk Group 2 (RG-2) practices
and containment. All work should be performed in a biosafety cabinet and all material
should be decontaminated by autoclaving or disinfection before discarding. Appropriate
training in the handling of Blood-Borne Pathogens and up-to-date hepatitis B vaccinations
may be required.
Select Agents and Toxins
Select agents are specific pathogens and toxins that have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety as defined by the USA PATRIOT Act and the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002. The institution must be registered with the CDC and/or USDA before these materials are obtained, used or stored.
Risk Group One (RG-1)
Risk Group One (RG-1) agents are usually not placed on a list but include all microorganisms that do not pose a health risk to healthy adult humans. It must not be assumed that an organism not listed as a RG 2, 3, or 4 agent is an RG-1 agent; emerging or unknown organisms should be treated as biohazardous until research proves otherwise. Examples of agents in RG-1 are: Bacillus subtilus, infectious canine hepatitis viruses; influenza reference strains A/PR/8/34, A/WS/33, Escherichia coli K12, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and other agents listen in Appendix C-II of the NIH Guidelines for Research Involving Recombinant DNA Molecules; and other vectors such as Baculovirus.
In addition to the examples listed above, the following low-risk oncogenic viruses have been identified as RG-1 agents:
Avian Leucosis virus
Bovine leukemia virus
Bovine papilloma virus
Chick-embryo-lethan orphan (CELO) virus
Dog sarcoma virus
Guinea pig herpes virus
Hamster leukemia virus
Marek’s disease virus
Mason-Pfizer monkey virus
Mouse mammary tumor virus
Murine leukemia virus
Murine sarcoma virus
Rat leukemia virus
Rous sarcoma virus
Shope vibroma virus
Shope papilloma virus
Simian virus 40 (SV-40)
Risk Group Two (RG-2)
RG-2 agents are of moderate potential hazard to healthy adult humans and the environment. Such agents may produce disease of varying degrees of severity from accidental inoculation, injection, or other means of cutaneous penetration but can usually be adequately and safely contained by ordinary laboratory techniques. Some agents may cause disease by contact or respiratory routes, but they are self-limiting and do not cause a serious illness, such as the cause of the common cold, the rhinoviruses. The following organisms have been identified as RG-2 agents:
Burkholderia (except those in RG-3)
Loa loa filarial
Coxsackie A and B viruses
Rhinoviruses, all types
Feline sarcoma virus (FeLV)
Gibbon leukemia virus
Hepatitis A, D, E
Lymphogranuloma venereum agent
Molluscum contagiosum virus
Respiratory syncytial virus