Preface: Skidmore College has had few reported incidents of hazing over the last few years; however, the Institutional Policy and Planning Committee (IPPC) Subcommittee on Student Affairs felt it was necessary to re-evaluate our current policy and create one that is more complete and holistic. The following policy is a greater articulation of how Skidmore College defines hazing in its entirety. The policy specifically highlights aspects of hazing such as ‘Passive Participation,’ ‘Subtle Hazing,’ ‘Consent,’ which we deem to be facets of hazing that are not touched upon as frequently as the facets of hazing we have defined as ‘Harassment Hazing’ or ‘Violent Hazing.’
The Skidmore College Hazing Policy:
*In this policy, a member of the Skidmore community is defined as any Skidmore student, staff, faculty, administrator, or a visitor accompanying any of the previously mentioned entities. *
Skidmore College defines hazing as any act committed by a person, whether individually or as a part of a group, against a member of the Skidmore community and which is intended to have the effect of, or reasonably be expected to have the effect of, humiliating, intimidating, demeaning a community member, or endangering the mental or physical health of a community member. Acts of hazing may involve: being initiated into, affiliated with, participating in, and/or maintaining membership in any organization, club, group, department, and/or team affiliated with Skidmore College.
Skidmore’s definition of hazing encompasses all acts of soliciting, directing, aiding, or otherwise participating actively or passively in any of the above acts regardless of intention or willingness to participate. Skidmore prohibits all hazing activities whether conducted on or off College property.
Every organization, club, group, department, and/or team can provide transformative opportunities for friendship, leadership, personal growth, and discovery. Hazing of any kind is antithetical to these goals; therefore, the College prohibits hazing activities, whether by an individual or an organization. Skidmore College is committed to providing a learning, working, and living environment that reflects and promotes personal integrity, civility, and mutual respect. Members of the Skidmore community have the right to be free from all forms of abuse, harassment, and coercive conduct, including hazing.
The organization, club, group, department, and/or team may be held accountable for actions of individual members.
Because of the socially coercive nature of hazing, implied or expressed consent to hazing is not a defense under this policy. Offering anyone an opportunity not to take part in an act that is or becomes hazing is not a valid defense of conduct.
Passive participation is defined as, but not limited to: witnessing hazing taking place as a group member, affiliate, or guest, or participating in or being present in person or via technology in discussions where hazing is being planned.
Subtle Hazing, Harassment Hazing, and Violent Hazing are outlined in this document to guide the respective Skidmore College conduct boards throughout their processes. The definitions of the three forms of hazing are intended to be fluid, and it is the responsibility of the conduct boards to evaluate alleged acts of hazing, but not necessarily to delineate the specific form of hazing.
Subtle Hazing is defined as behavior that emphasizes a systematic power imbalance between new members and other members of the organization, club, group, department, and/or team. These types of hazing are often taken for granted or accepted as “harmless” or meaningless. Subtle hazing typically involves activities or attitudes that breach reasonable standards of mutual respect and place new members on the receiving end of ridicule, embarrassment, and/or humiliation tactics. New members often feel the need to endure subtle hazing to feel like part of the group (some types of subtle hazing may also be considered harassment hazing). Examples include, but are not limited to: deception, assigning demerits, silence periods with implied threats for violation, deprivation of privileges granted to other members, requiring new members/rookies to perform duties not assigned to other members, socially isolating new members/rookies, line-ups and drills/tests on meaningless information, name calling, requiring new members/rookies to refer to members with titles (e.g. “Mr.” “Miss”) while they are identified with demeaning terms, or expecting certain items to always be in one’s possession.
Harassment Hazing is defined as behavior that causes emotional anguish or physical discomfort in order to feel like part of the group. Harassment hazing may confuse, frustrate, and cause undue stress for new members/rookies (some types of harassment hazing can also be considered violent hazing). Examples include, but are not limited to: verbal abuse, implied threats of violence, requiring new members/rookies to wear embarrassing or humiliating attire, expecting new members/rookies to provide personal services to members (e.g. cooking, cleaning, carrying books, errands, etc.), sleep deprivations, sexual simulations, expecting new members/rookies to be deprived of maintaining a schedule of bodily cleanliness, being expected to harass others.
Violent Hazing is defined as behavior that has the potential to cause physical, emotional, and/or psychological harm. Examples include, but are not limited to: forced or coerced drug or alcohol consumption, beating, paddling, and other forms of assault, branding, forced or coerced consumption of vile concoctions or substances, burning, water intoxication, expecting abuse or mistreatment of animals, sexual acts, nudity, expecting illegal activity, bondage, abductions/kidnappings, exposure to cold weather or heat without appropriate protection.
Activities believed to be hazing should be reported to the Dean of Students/Vice President for Student Affairs, Director of Athletics (when relevant), the appropriate department or program chair or, in the case of student organizations and clubs, the Student Government Association Executive Committee. Hazing may also be reported anonymously on the Skidmore TIPS Hotline 580-TIPS (8477).
The current student conduct process is outlined in this handbook and those found in violation of this, or any Skidmore College policy, may be subject to that conduct process and the local, state, and federal criminal codes.
SGA clubs and officers may also be subject to the SGA Executive Board conduct process.
NewYork State Penal Codes state*
S 120.16 Hazing in the first degree.
A person is guilty of hazing in the first degree when, in the course of another person's initiation into or affiliation with any organization, he intentionally or recklessly engages in conduct which creates a substantial risk of physical injury to such other person or a third person and thereby causes such injury.
Hazing in the first degree is a Class A misdemeanor.
S 120.17 Hazing in the second degree.
A person is guilty of hazing in the second degree when, in the course of another person's initiation or affiliation with any organization, he intentionally or recklessly engages in conduct which creates a substantial risk of physical injury to such other person or a third person.
Hazing in the second degree is a violation.
*Although these Penal Codes use traditional male pronouns, any member of the Skidmore Community, regardless of gender expression, is subject to these codes.