The Skidmore Guide to Writing
 

American Psychological Association (APA) Bibliographic Form

The most common system of documentation used in the social sciences is the author-date system of the American Psychological Association (APA).

APA BIBLIOGRAPHIC FORM CHECKLIST: BOOKS

General APA Bibliographic form:

Example of citations in APA format

Book:

Garrod, A., Smulyan, L., Powers, S., & Kilkenny, R. (2008). Adolescent portraits: Identity, relationships, and challenges (6th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Chapter in an edited book:

Flavell, J. H. (1976). Metacognitive aspects of problem solving. In L. B. Resnick (Ed.), The nature of intelligence (pp. 231-35). Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Journal article:

Tronick, E. A. (1989). Emotions and emotional communication in infants. American Psychologist, 44, 112-119.

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