State and Local Economic Development
Policy Related Links

Gov 367
Bob Turner
Assistant Professor

New York Econonmic Development Related Links Empire State Development (ESD) is New York State's economic development agency. Center for Economic Growth is a business driven, member supported, not-for-profit organization established in 1987 to promote the economic growth of the Capital Region. Business Council of New York is a statewide association of over 4,000 member businesses working to create an economic renaissance for New York State and its people. York State Economic Development Council, the state's principle organization representing economic development professionals.  Its 700 members include the leadership of Industrial Development Agencies, Local Development Corporations, commercial and investment banks, underwriters, bond counsels, utilities, chambers of commerce and private corporations. The Upstate Economy Report The Pataki Administration’s account for the economic decline and resurgence of upstate New York. RENEWING the Empire State's ECONOMY-Another Pataki Administration account of economic good tidings.  Good Jobs New York is an organization committed to investigating how public resources are being used in economic development policy making  The Fiscal Policy Institute is a nonpartisan research and education organization that focuses on the broad range of tax, budget, economic and related public policy issues that affect the quality of life and the economic well-being of New York State residents.

Wisconsin Economic Development Links

Area County and Town Economic Development Links

Federal Economic Development Links

Economic Development Think Tanks and Organizations  An anti-publicly funded sports stadium site. A Federal Reserve Bank of Minnesota Web site dedicated to examining the effect of economic incentives.

Federal and Multi-State Programs Related to Economic Development

Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Entitlement Communities Program, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

HUD's CDBG program provides eligible metropolitan cities and urban counties ("entitlement communities") with annual direct grants that they can use to revitalize neighborhoods, expand housing and economic opportunities an/or improve community facilities and services, principally to benefit low- and moderate-income persons.  Recipients of CDBG entitlement funds include local governments with 50,000 or more residents, other local governments designated as central cities of metropolitan areas, and urban counties with populations of at least 200,000 (excluding the population of entitled cities). Local governments may carry out all activities themselves or award some or all of the funds to private or public nonprofit organizations as well as for-profit entities. A separate component of CDBG—the State CDBG Program—provides program funds to the States.

Colonias Program,Center for Housing and Urban Development and Texas A&M College of Architecture: a program to assist residents of low income settlements in "community self-development" to strengthen the social,physical and economic infrastructure by providing a venue for communication, education, and the delivery of educational, social, and health services

US HUD administered programs:

Self-Sufficiency programs

Step-Up Program

Urban Empowerment Zones


American Public Human Service Association

Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, 202-797-6139
Center for Community Change - Job Creation and Economic  Development
Center for Community Futures, 510-339-3801
Conference on Community Organizing and Development
Council for Urban Economic Development. 202-223-4735
Council of State Community Development Agencies
Economic Development Assisstance Consortium
Enterprise Foundation
National Association of Community Action Agencies
National Community Building Network
National Conference of State Legislatures
National Congress for Community Economic Development
National Governors’ Association
National Housing Institute's Comprehensive Community Initiatives

Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation (Neighborhood Works Network)
SBA Office of Advocacy
Urban Institute
US Department of Agriculture
US Department of Commerce, Economic Development Administration
US Department of Housing and Urban Development
US Department of Labor, Employment and Training
Woodstock Institute
Service Providers - Technical Assistance and Consultants
The Coalition for Healthier Cities and Communities
Council of State Governments
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation
MGT of America, Inc.
General Publications
1999 Development Report Card for the States: Economic Benchmarks for State and Corporate Decision Makers CfED Corporation for Enterprise Development each state's economy and its potential for future growth based upon over An annual assessment of each state's economy and its potential for future growth based on 70 data measures (Posted 12/10/99)

A New Strategy for Helping Cities Pay for the Poor. Policy Brief #18 Brookings Institution, Gyourko, Joseph A. and Anita A. Summers. June1997, (Posted 9/10/99).

A Research Framework for Evaluating Jobs-Plus, a Saturation and Place-Based Employment Initiative for Public Housing James Riccio, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. 1998.

Analysis and Guidance on Use of State, Municipal, and Other Funds to Support Community and Economic Development in Low-income and Minority Communities. Publications on economic development Woodstock Institute.

Analysis and Guidance on Use of State, Municipal, and Other Funds to Support Community and Economic Development in Low-income and Minority Communities. Publications on other reinvestment strategies Woodstock Institute

Attracting Business Investment to Neighborhood Markets Executive Summary, Robert Weissbourd, Shorebank Corporation, (Posted 8/27/99).

Background on the Clinton-Gore Administration's Community Development Agenda. White House Press Release May 11, 1999. (Posted 5/21/99)

Bridges to Work: Access to Jobs, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. For program fact sheets and summaries, contact Beth Palubinsky, Public/Private Ventures, 215-557-4400 or James Hoben, US HUD, 202-708-0574.

Building Higher Education-Community Development Corporation Partnerships Nancy Nye, Richard Schramm US Dept of Housing and Urban Development To obtain a copy, call (800) 245-2691, (Posted 11/5/99)

Building the Savings and Assets of Lower-Income Consumers: Examples from Community Development Credit Unions Woodstock Institute abstract, November, 1999, to order call (312) 427-8070 $12.00 non-profits, (Posted 1/14/00)

California Invests in Job Creation as Part of Welfare Reform. Council for Urban Economic Development, Economic Developments, Vol 23, no. 10, May 15, 1998, (202) 223-4735.

CDBG: An Action Guide to the Community Development Block Grant Program, Center for Community Change, by Ed Gramlich, April 1998. 202-342-0567.

CDC Tax Credit: An Effective Tool For Attracting Private Resources to Community Economic Development, by Carol Steinbach, Brookings Institution/Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, August 1998

Chicago Initiative, Chicago Association of Neighborhood Development Organizations, January 1998. 312-939-7171.

Cities and Supermarkets: Partners in Progress, Case studies of 32 award-winning entries and other local initiatives of collaborative efforts to improve urban neighborhoods, National League of Cities, (202) 626-3043.

Clinton Administration Proposes a Second Round of Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Communities. March 19, 1996.

Collaborating to Reduce Poverty: City Halls and Community-Based Organizations Working Together to Revitalize Neighborhoods, 1999, National League of Cities, 301-725-4299 or 888-571-2939. (Posted 5/21/99).

Community Building Coming of Age, G. Thomas Kinsley, Joseph B. McNeeley and James O. Gibson, Urban Institute, 1997.

Community Building in Public Housing: Ties That Bind People and Their Communities, Arthur Naparstek, Robin Smith and Dennis Dooley, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. September, 1997. (800) 245-2691.

Community Capitalism: Rediscovering the Markets of America's Urban Neighborhoods. The 93rd American Assembly at Columbia University, Summer 1997.

Community Development in the 1990's Christopher Walker and Mark Weinheimer, (Posted 9/10/99).

Community Development: Businesses' Use of Empowerment Zone Tax Incentives, US General Accounting Office GAO/RCED 99-253, September, 1999, (Posted 10/15/99)

Community Development: Information Related to H.R. 3865, the American Community Renewal Act of 1998, US General Accounting Office, GAO/T-RCED-98-196. May 19, 1998. 202-512-6000.

Community Economic Development--an inventory of innovative approaches, Alliance for National Renewal

Community Organizing, Building and Developing: Their Relationship to Comprehensive Community Initiatives Douglas Hess, Working Papers series for COMM-ORG: The On-line Conference on Community Organizing and Development, June 1999, (Posted 8/27/99).

Community-Based and Worker-Owned Businesses Create, Save Jobs, by Carol DiMarcello, Rutgers Center for Urban Policy Research, (732) 932-3133.

Comprehensive Community Development and Family Support: An HFRP Report Highlights Central Themes and Common Ground, Harvard Family Research Project, SPOTLIGHT by Louisa Lund in The Evaluation Exchange, vol. 3, no. 3/4, 1997, (617) 495-9108.

Comprehensive Community Initiatives: A new Generation of Urban Revitalization Strategies, by Kristina Smock., Department of Sociology, Northwestern University, 1997.

ConPlan may help poor areas secure federal funds Illinois Welfare News. November 1998.

Corporate Re-Use: Supporters say "eco-industrial parks" will bring clean industry--and well-paying jobs--to the neighborhood. But first they must address concerns about pollution and economic exploitation, Center for Neighborhood Technology, Matt Frampton, (773) 278-4800.

Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Section 8 Welfare-to-Work Rental Voucher Initiative. Information Memorandum No. TANF-ACF-IM-99-1 USHHS/Administration for Children and Families, January 27, 1999. (Posted 5/21/99)

Developing Policies to Support Microenterprise in the TANF Structure: A Guide to the Law. Mark Greenberg Center for Law and Social Policy November 1999. Posted 12/17/99

Empowerment Zone Initiative: Performance Reports Executive Summaries, USHUD, 1995-1996.

Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community Program administered by US HUD and USDA providing tax incentives and other tools for economic revitalization.

Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Communities

Empowerment Zones/Enterprise Communities: Implementing a New Program David J. Wright, Rockefeller Institute Press. 1998.

Family Self-Sufficiency Program Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, May 5, 1999. (Posted 5/21/99)

Federal Reserve and Local Economic Development, Financial Markets Center (Posted 10/15/99)

Financial Impact of Welfare Reform on HUD's Programs, US General Accounting Office, GAO/RCED-98-57R, 202-512-6000.

Generating Jobs: How to Increase Demand for Less-Skilled Workers Richard B. Freeman and Peter Gottschalk, editors. Russell Sage Foundation. 1998.

Give Community Institutions a Fighting Chance, Bruce Katz, The Brookings Review, Fall 1997, pp 32-35.

Glades Community Development Corporation: A Chronicle of a Community Development Intermediary Prudence Brown, Paul S. Stetzer, Jr. Chapin Hall Center for Children/Univ. of Chicago January 18, 1998, to obtain a copy, call (773) 753-5900

Glossary of Work Program Terms, Revised: November 1997 Steve Savner, Center For Law and Social Policy, 1997

Going Local: Patch and Neighborhood Approaches. A Transfer from the United Kingdom.

HOPE VI: Progress and Problems in Revitalizing Distressed Public Housing, U.S. General Accounting Office, GAO/RCED-98-187 July 1998. 202-512-6000.

HUD's Consolidated Plan: An Action Guide for Involving Low Income Communities, by Ed Gramlich, Center for Community Change. 1998. 202-342-0567.

HUD's Preliminary Estimate of the Financial Impact of Welfare Reform on HUD's Programs, GAO/RCED-98-57R, Jan. 30.

ICA Model Proves that Community-Based and Worker-Owned Businesses Create, Save Jobs, by Carol DiMarcello, Rutgers Center for Urban Policy Research, (732) 932-3133.

In Search of Shelter: The Growing Shortage of Affordable Rental Housing, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

*Innovative Local Economic Development Programs Economic Development Administration U.S. Department of Commerce November, 1999, (Posted 1/21/00)

Job-training Partnering Amidst the Chaos and Change of the Welfare Marketplace Barbara A.Coscarello.

Jobs and the Urban Poor: Publicly Initiated Sectoral Strategies, by Beth Siegel and Peter Kwass, Mt. Auburn Associates, Inc. November 1995, 810-766-1766

Jobs, Economy-Sized: A Call for Real Employment in New York. City Limits, Center for an Urban Future. October 1996. 212-479-3353

Key State TANF Policies Affecting Microenterprise, Lisa Plimpton, Mark Greenberg Center for Law and Social Policy December 1999, (Posted 12/23/99)

Linking Human Services and Economic Development, Center for Community Change. HN0688, $15. 202-342-0519.

Micro-Business-Friendly Banks in the United States, 1998 edition U.S. Small Business Administration A directory of small business lending reported by commercial banks (Posted 12/17/99)

Micro-Business-Friendly Banks in the United States, 1998 Edition Office of Advocacy Small Business Administration (Posted 1/14/00)

Microenterprise Development: A Local Economic Development Strategy--Abstract Maria Harris

Mobilizing Public Housing Communities for Work: Origins and Early Accomplishments of the Jobs-Plus Demonstration, James A. Ricco, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC) September 1999 (Posted 10/29/99)

Next Door: A Concept Paper for Place-Based Employment Initiatives Juliane Dressner, Wendy Fleischer, Kay Sherwood Corporation for Supportive Housing (Posted 11/12/99)

Phoenix Youth Learn Job Skills by Building Affordable Housing US HUD/Office of Community Planning and Development. February 5, 1999.

Policy Shift to Good Jobs: Cities, States and Counties Attaching Job Quality Standards to Development Subsidies Greg LeRoy, Katie Tallman, fiona Hsu, Sara Hinkley Good Jobs First (Posted 11/5/99)

Poverty and Place: Ghettos, Barrios, and the American City, Paul A. Jargowsky, Russell Sage. 1996

Private Sector Model for Rebuilding Inner City Competitiveness: Lessons From MidTown Cleveland Margaret Murphy. December 1998.

Proposed Housing Legislation Would Divert Subsidies From the Working Poor and Weaken Welfare Reform Efforts Jeff Lubell and Barbara Sard. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. August 3, 1998.

Public/Private Job-Training Amidst Chaos in a Changing Marketplace by Barbara Coscarello, American Society for Public Administration, Spring 1998.

Questions and Answers Concerning the EZ/EC Social Service Block Grants. October 1, 1995.

Redevelopment and the Property Tax Revenue Debate. Research Brief, February 1998, Issue #10. Public Policy Institute of California

Resident Involvement in the Community Change: The Experience of Two Initiatives, Karen Walker, Bernardine Watson, and Linda Jucovy, Public/Private Ventures November 1999 (Posted 11/11/99)

Sector Driven Welfare-To-Work Initiatives, Brandon Roberts & Associates. September, 1997. Available from WIN or Brandon Roberts & Associates, 4818 Drummond Avenue, Chevy Chase, Md. 20815.

Sectors, and Workforce Learning, IRP Reprint Series, No. 783 by Laura Dresser, and Joel Rogers, Networks, Institute For Research on Poverty. 1998. 608-262-6358

Self-Sufficiency programs

Show Me the Money: Receiving Federal Tax Credits in Six Simple Steps Welfare to Work Partnership, (Posted 8/20/99)

Social Isolation of the Urban Poor: Race, Class, and Neighborhood Effects on Social Resources, Leann M. Tigges, Irene Browne, and Gary P. Green. Institute for Research on Poverty Reprint Series #772. 1998.(Sociological Quarterly, Vol. 39 , no. 1 (1998), pp. 53--77).

State of the Cities. June 1997, US HUD.

State of Welfare Caseloads in America's Cities Bruce Katz and Katherine Allen. Brookings Institution. May 1998 (Posted 8/27/99)

Step-Up Program

Step-Up Program: A Casebook, Westat, Inc. January 1999. 301-251-1500.

Stories of Renewal: Community Building and the Future of Urban America. Rockefeller Foundation, by Joan. Walsh, January 1997. 212-869-8500, (Posted 9/10/99)

Strategic Alliances for Housing and Community Development: Creating and Managing State Collaborations Council of State Community Development Agencies, (Posted 9/17/99)

Summary ABT Associates Positive Report on Youth Corps, National Association of Service & Conservation Corp, 202-737-6272

Summary and Findings of the National Supported Work Demonstration, Manpower Development Research Corporation,. 212-532-3200.

SuperNOFA 1: US HUD Housing and Community Development Programs

SuperNOFA 2: US HUD Economic Development and Empowerment Programs

Testimony of HUD Secretary Andrew M. Cuomo Before the Appropriations Subcommittee. May 13, 1997.

Testimony to the House Committee on Small Business 105th Congress on HR3865: The American Community Renewal Act Avis C. Vidal. Urban Institute. May 19, 1998.

Together We Can Technical Assistance Network Data Base, Institute for Educational Leadership, provides listing of organizational resources for community economic development.. 202-822-8405.

Toward Better Jobs and Stronger Ties: Lauching Economic Development and Community Development Intiatives New York Community Trust August 1999, (212) 686-0010 (Posted 1/21/00)

U.S. Department of Commerce/Economic Development Administration: policies and application procedures to support projects designed to alleviate conditions of substantial and persistent unemployment and underemployment in economically-distressed areas and regions. Federal Register: February 27, 1998 (Volume 63), Pages 10115-10122.

Urban Empowerment Zones Partnership Act of 1997 (Proposed). September 29, 1997.

Urban Problems and Community Development, Ronald F. Ferguson and William T. Dickens, Editors, Brookings Institution Press. 1998.

US HUD administered programs with direct applicability to welfare reform:

Voices from the Field: Learning from the Early Work of Comprehensive Community Initiatives, by Anne C. Kubisch et al. Aspen Institute Press. 1998.

Welfare-to-Work Housing Vouchers: An Innovative Approach to Welfare Reform. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Jeff Lubell and Barbara Sard, December 2, 1998. (Posted 2/26/99)

Welfare-to-Work Vouchers: Making Welfare Work Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. April 7, 1998.

What Does Affirmative Action Do? IRP Discussion Paper # 1169-98, by Harry J. Holzer and David Neumark. Institute for Research on Poverty. August 1998.

Wisconsin Conservation Corps as a Welfare-to-Work Placement, National Association of Service & Conservation Corps. 202-737-6272

Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC). September 1996. National Governors' Association, National Conference of State Legislatures, American Public Welfare Association.

Youth Corps as Welfare-to-Work Programs, National Association of Service & Conservation Corps. 202-737-6272

Professor Ed Feser in the UNC Chapel Hill Planning Department has a great list of student-authored web pages on Economic Development Strategies with lots of links to a diverse and interesting range of economic development related topics at