v. the Union Bag & Paper Company: Early Environmental
Law on the Kayaderosseras Creek and Its Influence
on Contemporary Law
This project is a historical
analysis of the Whalen v. The Union Bag & Paper
Company case. The lawsuit offers insight into environmental
concerns of early 19th century Ballston Spa and signifies
the beginning of environmental law and environmentalism
in New York State. The lawsuit's outcome is still
relevant for environmental law today.
Development in the Saratoga Lake Watershed
Betsy Quentin and Leigh Siegwarth
We explored where development
is likely to occur in the Saratoga Lake Watershed.
Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to compile
zoning maps, land use maps, use schedules, and comprehensive
plans, we projected areas that are prone to development.
We conclude there is significant build-out potential
in the watershed.
Conservation and Water Quality in the Saratoga Lake
This study focused on
the link between conserved lands and water quality
and quantity within the Saratoga Lake Watershed. The
boundaries and vegetation cover of conserved lands
were mapped in GIS. Overall, the watershed contains
little conserved land, which has potential impacts
to water quality.
and Site Fluctuations in Chloride Levels in Saratoga
Kristina Connolly and Ashley Hellman
We measured chloride and conductivity
levels in tributaries of the Saratoga Lake watershed
and compared our results across seasons and among
sites. We found across site variability, potentially
linked to road and population density, and an increase
in chloride concentrations and conductivity in the
Stakeholder Analysis of Farmers In and Surrounding
the Saratoga Lake Watershed
Erin Bukofsky, Nolan Crohn, Erin Kennedy,
and Katie McEachen
We explored farmers’ perspectives
on water and the Saratoga Springs water debate. Semi-structured,
open-ended interviews with ten farmers revealed variation
in opinions regarding environmental regulations and
a future water source for the city of Saratoga Springs.
Most farmers expressed concern over increasing development
and stressed the value maintaining open space through
the preservation of farmland.
Lake vs. the Hudson River: Voter Preferences for the
Future Saratoga Springs Drinking Water Source
Sarah Loomis and Julie Ringer
This project focused
on Saratoga Springs residents’ opinions on future
drinking water sources. We surveyed 313 registered
voters in Saratoga Springs inquiring about their choice
regarding the future drinking water source for the
city. The survey uncovered correlations between source
preference, respondents’ partisanship, and depth
of commitment to the environment.
Economic Impact of Recreation on Saratoga Lake and
Threats to Its Long Term Viability: The Perspective
of Local Businesses
Jonathan Clarke and Peter Suneson
Much of the speculation
about the use of Saratoga Lake as a drinking source
has focused on its potential impact on businesses
dependent on recreational activities on the lake.
We surveyed owners of businesses on Saratoga Lake
to derive the economic impact of recreation. We also
conducted open ended interviews of business owners
to ascertain what they viewed as long term threats
to the vitality of the lake.
Impact of Pricing Reform on Water Consumption in Saratoga
Jonathan Greene and Ben Krasnick
Economists contend underpricing
of scarce natural resources, like water, leads to
overconsumption. This study explores how the shift
in water pricing has affected residential water consumption
in Saratoga Springs using household level data from
Truths Through Fiction: Water, Stewardship, and the
Saratoga Lake Watershed
This project used placed-based
environmental fiction to present differing perspectives
on water and stewardship within the Saratoga Lake
watershed. The ultimate aim was to dramatize hydrologic
issues and perspectives in the watershed using three
short fiction stories while remaining factually accurate
to the environmental and social realities of the region.
Collaborative Research (2007)
Politics and Planning in Saratoga County
Ryan Bailey '09 and Bob Turner, Department of Government (2007)
The continuing economic growth of Saratoga County raises the important question of whether the region is condemned to end up as yet another case of unchecked suburban sprawl. To assess the prospects for the region to successfully balance growth with preserving open space and enhancing the quality of life, we analyzed the political, economic, and institutional factors affecting planning in Malta, Stillwater, and Saratoga County.
Distribution and Ecology of Riparian Invaders in Kayaderosseras Creek and the Battenkill
Erin Kenison '09, Peter Leipzig-Scott '09, and Josh Ness, Department of Biology (2007)
Japanese knotweed is a highly invasive weed currently invading the riparian zones of the Kayaderossersas and Battenkill river systems. Our mapping of Knotweed suggests that invaded sites become more common as river size and discharge rates increase, and that the invasion potential varies with stream geomorphology. We conclude that the knotweed invasion is facilitated by a readily available transportation network (flowing rivers) and a paucity of effective natural enemies.
Crooked Waters: A History of Riparian Conflict in the Kayaderosseras Watershed
Nadine Dodge '10, Brad Nesbitt '09, Karen Kellogg, Environmental Studies Program, and Michael Ennis-McMillan, Department of Anthropology (2007)
As industry and population burgeoned within the Kayaderosseras Creek watershed throughout the 19th century, tensions among the stakeholders of this shared resource also heightened. Manufacturers began to use the creek as a secondary resource. Those who still relied on the water as a primary resource suffered from the water's altered flow and diminished quality. Common law and government legislation proved an often unreliable means of enforcing pollution control. The early water conflicts in the Kayaderosseras watershed demonstrate the prominent role of water in community development, discussion, and debate.
The Role of Optical Brighteners in the Detection of Local Anthropogenic Pollution
Lukiana Anka-Lufford '10 and Judy Halstead, Department of Chemistry (2007)
Optical brighteners are now extremely common in laundry detergents. Since wastewater from laundry machines generally contains these dyes and fluorescence is relatively easy to detect, the use of optical brighteners to detect leaking septic tanks and leaking sewage systems seems promising. In the laboratory both standards containing laundry detergent and field samples are analyzed with the Skidmore Department of Chemistry's Shimadzu scanning spectrofluorimeter in an effort to determine the presence of optical brighteners.
Water Quality Monitoring in the Kayaderosseras Creek and Saratoga Lake
Alicea Cock-Esteb '09, Alexandra Furman '09, Judy Halstead, Department of Chemistry, and Kim Marsella, Environmental Studies Program (2007)
Water quality parameters were determined for one lake and various tributaries throughout the Kayaderosseras Creek watershed. Field measurements included dissolved oxygen, temperature, conductivity, and pH. Samples were collected and subsequently analyzed for total phosphorous, phosphate, total mitrogen, nitrate, dissolved organic compounds, and total suspended solids. This study is a part of an ongoing water monitoring study conducted through the Skidmore College Water Resources Initiative.
The Upper Hudson River as a Supplemental Drinking Water Source: Mapping Factors Affecting Water Quality Using Geographic Information Systems
Hannah Phillips '09 and Bob Jones, Department of Economics (2007)
We used GIS to map natural and human determined factors affecting water quality on the Upper Hudson River. By analyzing regional geology, hydrology, zoning, patterns of development, and town comprehensive plans within the watershed, we have created a ten-town build-out analysis that identifies areas that are prone to development. These data will contribute to an analysis of the viability of the Upper Hudson River as a supplemental drinking water source for Saratoga Springs in the near future.
Affecting Precipitation and Baseflow in Two Small Paired
Basins in Wilton, New York
Stafford '07 and Kyle K. Nichols, Department of Geosciences (2007)
Precipitation and discharge were recorded in the Loughberry basin and the Louden basin. The Loughberry site received 80% of the precipitation that the Louden site received. This difference may be a result of the urban center located to the west of the Louden rain gauge, which may form an urban heat island that affects local climate. Discharge normalized by basin area for the Louden creek cross-section was 1.2 times those for the Loughberry creek cross-section. This rapid increase in baseflow could be due to a decrease in groundwater withdrawal by agricultural and golf course irrigation wells in combination with a decrease in vegetation transpiration following defoliation.
Creative Thought Matters.