Basic Mediterranean Chronology (under construction!)

DATE ERA
10,000-3000 B.C.E. STONE AGE (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic)
3000-1000 B.C.E. BRONZE AGE (Helladic/Minoan/Cycladic)
1000-750 B.C.E.
750-480 B.C.E. ARCHAIC PERIOD
480-323 B.C.E. CLASSICAL PERIOD
323-31 (133? 146?) B.C.E. HELLENISTIC PERIOD
31 B.C.E.-330 C.E. ROMAN PERIOD
330 -750 C.E. 'LATE ANTIQUITY' (the latter part = Byzantine)
476-1450 C.E. MIDDLE AGES/MEDIEVAL PERIOD
14TH -16THC.E. RENAISSANCE/EARLY MODERN
16TH - PRESENT MODERN TIMES


DATE EVENT
c. 1250-1200 Trojan War?
c. 1200-1150 fall of the Mycenaean palaces
c. 800-750 Greek alphabet
ca. 638-632 Kylon
621/0 Drakon
594/3 Solon
490 first Persian invasion/Marathon
480 second Persian invasion (Xerxes)
c. 450
Herodotos begins the History
431-404 Peloponnesian War
431 Thebes raids Plataia
430 Spartan raids begin; Periklean strategy; plague in Athens (Thuc. 2.47-54); Funeral Speech (Thuc. 2.34-46); graphe against Perikles
429 Death of Perikles
429-27 Peloponnesians beseige Plataia
428 Mytilene (Lesbos) revolts and joins Pel. League (Thuc.3.27-50)
427 Mitylene debate (Kleon and Diodotos in the ekklesia); Stasis in Corcyra (Thuc. 3.70-83)
425 Pylos/Sphakteria
424 Thucydides strategos
422 Amphipolis (deaths of Cleon, Brasidas; Thucydides exiled); Aristophanes' Wasps produced
421 Peace of Nikias
418 Mantinea (Sparta vs. Argos)
416 Melos refuses to join Athens(Thuc. 5.84-116)
415 Euripides' Trojan Women produced
415-13 Sicilian Expedition (end = Thuc. 7.36-87)
413 Spartans occupy Decelea
412 Spartan alliance with the satraps
411 Council of 400 in Athens
407 Alcibiades back as strategos; Athenian victory at Arginusae (Conon)
406 Athenian victory at Mitylene
405 Sparta (under Lysander) defeats Athens at Aigospotamai
404 Athens surrenders; Long Walls destroyed; Thirty Tyrants; Akropolis garrisoned
399 Condemnation and death of Socrates
c. 336 Aristotle establishes Lyceum


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Revised: 5 May 1996, SB

Location: http://holychao.cas.muohio.edu/~democracy/chron.html