Central Characteristics 
Galinsky , Pgs. 332 to 375

Sections of Galinsky
Rome and Greece
Tradition and Innovation

Outside Reading

Important things in The Dominance of Greek Culture
  • "Every aspect of Roman intellectual life in this period can be seen undergoing confident reshaping in the light of a growing  acquaintance with Greek Culture . " pg 112
  •  Is this true ? 
  •  Greeks were not equal citizens though their culture was given a high place (pg 118)  This was due to the Roman need to eliminate the Greeks as a threat to their own standing .
  • Why ?
  • Augustus changes this ( pg 119-124)  due to his need to return to the old values . he reaches back farther and uses the Greeks as a model for writing and art. This appreacition for classic Greek culture was due to beliefs in Greek perfection in the past . Augustus visitied Greece several times (122) and appears to have been considering a united culture.


    Why was Latin Culture invented ? 
    1.   Why is Greece so important ? 
    2. Cicero's interest in Greek Culture influenced others in their use of such 


    •  The Roman Republic drew on Greece and the etrusican civilization in order to create it's own culture . As have all cultures drawn from ones before them . 
    • Augustus , in his rise to power, used the Greeks as a way of enforcing the values which had slipped during the hundred years of conflict. The early Romans had imitated the Greeks and by doing so again , Augustus was able to forge yet another bond to the past of Rome 
    • The interplay between old and new  defines the Augustian Age due to the fluid nature of so much of the politics and government. While appearing stable , it was this fluidity which led to the survival of this system for so long 
    • Augustus and his country was very different in many ways, espically in changing systems of thought, such as the juxapostion of republic and emperor or the bloody conflicts and the claims of peace 

    Augustus used elements of greek culture to renforce his own programs and goals. Why ?