CL311: Latin Prose Seminar
(The Age of Caesar)


CL311 HomepagePlayers and CharactersRules

Round 1Round 2Round 3Round 4Round 5Round 6Round 7


Special Events

(1) POLITICAL MURDER of a foreign diplomat.
     No visible effect.
(2) UNREST IN THE PROVINCES (Transalpine Gaul)
     No visible effect.

Special Power

(1) Cicero appeared for the defense in a trial arising out of the POLITICAL MURDER of a foreign diplomat.

(2) Clodius's attempt to create a SCANDAL was thwarted by Bibulus's exploitation of the state religion.

Consuls M. PORCIUS CATO (Votes: 30; Major Supporter: Bibulus)
CN. POMPEIUS MAGNUS (Votes: 24; Major Supporter: Clodius)


Special Events

     Gratia counts for half its usual value (rounded up) in the next elections.
(2) Rumors of CONSPIRACY fill the city.
     In the elections, players will be able to vote gratia and money (but not auctoritas) for the CONSPIRACY. Players casting votes for CONSPIRACY should specify a declared candidate of their own faction (including themselves) who will receive the CONSPIRACY's support. Cicero is too upright to vote for the conspiracy, or to be the recipient of its support.
     Whoever casts the most votes for the CONSPIRACY gains control of it and the CONSPIRACY's votes are automatically cast for the candidate declared by that player. Control of the CONSPIRACY is worth a number of votes equal to one-half (rounded up) of the total of number of votes cast for the CONSPIRACY.
     Votes cast by the CONSPIRACY do not help the player controlling the CONSPIRACY to become the Major Supporter of a victorious candidate. In fact, the CONSPIRACY itself may be recorded as the candidate's Major Supporter.
     If the CONSPIRACY is the Major Supporter of a victorious candidate, the effect of the CONSPIRACY continues into the next round of play, and all players will be forced to publicly declare before the next elections (during a special in-class round) whether they support the consul backed by the CONSPIRACY or the other consul. A player may choose to abstain. The consul whose supporters have the greatest total auctoritas will control the distribution of all temporary election gratia during the next election and gains an extra permanent point of gratia himself.

CLARIFICATION: In the upcoming elections, gratia voted for a candidate directly has half its value (due to the UNREST). Gratia votes for the CONSPIRACY has its full value.

Special Power

(1) Cato attempted to denounce the outgoing consul Pompey, but was thwarted by Clodius's operae.

(2) Cicero declared that he was the best candidate to defend the concordia ordinum in the face of the UNREST IN ROME.

(3) Caesar wrote a self-serving commentarius in crisp, elegant Latin.


M. TULLIUS CICERO (Votes: 54*; Major Supporter: Bibulus)
*It is widely belived that Cicero's claim to be the best man to defend the republic from the current unrest substantially contributed to his vote total.

P. CLODIUS PULCHER (Votes: 46; Major Supporter: Pompey)


Special Events

(1) MAJOR FOREIGN WAR as King Mithridates VI of Pontus invades the province of Asia.
      (a) All incomes are reduced by 1 while the war continues.
      (b) On the next turn, after increases in pecunia and before distribution of temporary gratia, a special turn will be inserted in the normal sequence: Assignment of Military Command.
     If the two consuls can agree on a player to be given Military Command against the FOREIGN WAR, that player becomes commander. If the two consuls can agree to give the command to "Lucullus" (a nonentity), then Lucullus becomes commander and the war ends without effect. If the two consuls cannot agree, and no one receives the Military Command, the auctoritas of each consul is reduced by 1, and the war rages into the next round.
     If a player is named as Military Commander, that player may not run for consul in the current election [Round 3], or exercise a Special Power that implies his presence at Rome. He may, however, vote. The Military Commander will return to Rome the following round with Mithridates defeated, his auctoritas increased by 2 and his pecunia increased by 4 (in addition to normal changes based on income).
      An outgoing consul may receive a proconsular command if he can secure the support of his colleague.
      If designated by the consuls, a player may not refuse a Military Command without losing 2 auctoritas and suffering a temporary loss of half his auctorias (rounded up) for purposes of the current election [Round 3].
      Some players may be able to seek Military Command through the use of Special Powers either before or after the consuls are formally called upon to appoint a Military Commander. If a player becomes Military Commander before the Assignment of Military Command round, that round is cancelled.

(2) All Rome is talking about a SCANDAL whose details are far too lurid to be described here. O tempora! O mores!
No visible effect.

Special Power

(1) Pompey sought, and received, military command against Mithridates with the support of Clodius (a consul) and Crassus (a popularis).

(2) Caesar's liberality increased his gratia among politically influential Romans.

(3) Cato gave a thunderous speech denouncing the recent SCANDAL.

(4) Clodius brought forward a bill to force Cato's exile from Rome. Bibulus declared that the omens were unfavorable, but extensive bribery by Crassus caused the Plebeian Assembly to act on Clodius's motion anyway. Cato played no role in the third round of consular elections.

(5) Cicero appeared for the prosecution in a trial resulting from the recent SCANDAL.

Consuls C. IULIUS CAESAR (Votes: 56; Major Supporter: Pompey)
M. LICINIUS CRASSUS (Votes: 29; Major Supporter: Cicero)


Special Events

NOTE: At the beginning of this round, Pompey returns victorious from the war against Mithridates; Cato engineers his return from exile.

(1) Widespread debt (used to finance obscenely big houses and lavish banquets) triggers a FINANCIAL CRISIS.
All incomes are reduced by 1, unless a character sheet specifies otherwise.

(2) MINOR FOREIGN WAR when Crete defies a Roman ultimatum.
As with a MAJOR FOREIGN WAR, the turn will include an Assignment of Military Command phase. The differences are as follows:

  • This MINOR FOREIGN WAR has no effect except on the player chosen to command Rome's forces.
  • If the consuls fail to name a commander, they lose no auctoritas (though the war does continue into the next round).
  • The "non-player commander" whom the consuls may designate for this war is named Metellus.
  • The gain in auctoritas from being commander in a MINOR FOREIGN WAR is only 1; the gain is pecunia is only 2 -- unless a player's character sheet specifies otherwise.

Special Power

(1) Pompey disbanded his victorious armies at Brundisium. His thousands of veterans thronged to Rome to witness and cheer his glorious triumph. A grateful Senate granted Pompey an exemption from ever having to change his clothes.

(2) Caesar departed office for a proconsular command in Crete. Future students would often encounter Latin prose for the first time in Caesar's Bellum Creticum, which famously begins "Omnis Creta una magna insula est."

(3) Cato denounced Crassus's "heinous and disgraceful" conduct as consul ("tam flagitiose atque atrociter consulatum gessit ut omnes liberi et nomen et vultum M. Crassi semper metuerent" etc., etc.). Although Clodius's operae sought to prevent Cato from speaking, Bibulus declared that the auspices were unfavorable for violent intimidation by lawless street gangs.

(4) Cicero appeared as an advocate in one of the many court cases arising from the FINANCIAL CRISIS.

Consuls CN. POMPEIUS MAGNUS (Votes: 51; Major Supporter: Crassus)
M. PORCIUS CATO (Votes: 50; Major Supporter: Cicero)


Special Events

NOTE: Caesar will have to announce his return from his Cretan proconsulship if he wishes to run for consul in this round. Until he returns to Rome, he will be unaffected by other players' special powers.

(1) MAJOR FOREIGN WAR as Pirates interfere with commerce and travel throughout the Eastern Mediterranean.
The rules are the same as for the Mithridatic War, except that:

  • The "non-player commander" whom the consuls may designate for this war is named Servilius.
  • The gain in pecunia for winning this war is 3 as opposed to 4 -- unless a player's character sheet specifies otherwise.

No visible effect.

NOTE: Each of these types of event have now appeared twice, and cannot appear again.

Special Power

Cato backed Pompey in his bid to secure a special proconsular command against the pirates, then -- in a surprising reversal -- sought to denounce him for "befouling his sacred office with his reprehensible and well-nigh treasonous conduct." (Sanctum consulatum quasi spurcavit iste, quem, si proditorem non dicam etc. etc.etc.) Pompey's loyal veterans attempted to disrupt Cato's contio, only to be frightened off by Bibulus's declaration that the auspices were unfavorable for loyal veterans. Clodius's operae, however, arrived on the scene to put courage back into the Pompeian veterans, and Cato's speech survives only in a little-read epitome of a lost work by Aulus Gellius.

Consuls M. TULLIUS CICERO (Votes: 54; Major Supporter: Cato)
P. CLODIUS PULCHER (Votes: 48; Major Supporter: Pompey)


Special Events

NOTE: At the beginning of this round, Pompey returns victorious from the war against the Pirates.

(1) POLITICAL MURDER of a gang leader.
     No visible effect -- but the curia is burnt to the ground. (Note: this event has now occurred twice and will not occur again.)

     The plebs are unhappy. And hungry. The value of all gratia and auctoritas voted for popularis candidates is increased by 50% (rounded up).

Special Power

(1) On exiting office, Cicero declared under oath that he had saved the Republic from the severe effects of the grain shortage. Thereafter, Cicero was heard to mention his accomplishment from time to time.

(2) Caesar's Bellum Creticum was finally published, and Caesar's status among the Roman elite was thereby enhanced.

(3) Pompey used his loyal veterans to block Cato from standing for the consulship. Bibulus declared that the flights of birds and sundry meteorological phenomena indicated that Pompey's men should not be acting in such a way. Clodius declared that his gang's clubs and daggers suggested otherwise.

Consuls C. IULIUS CAESAR (Votes: 166; Major Supporter: Cicero)
CN. POMPEIUS MAGNUS (Votes: 62; Major Supporter: Clodius)


Special Events

(1) Rome is rocked by a shocking SCANDAL involving two Vestals, one praetor, three Thracian gladiators, and dozens upon dozens of sacred geese.
No visible effect.

(2) UNREST IN ROME (no doubt as a result of the geese thing).
     Gratia counts for half its usual value (rounded up) in the next elections.

Special Power