Quiz 1

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Publius Vergilius Maro

Our quizzes will test your overall comprehension of the grammar and syntax of intermediate Latin poetry.

     At various intervals throughout the term, you will be assigned a take-home quiz that must be completed by the specified date.  Your responses in each quiz must be typed and neatly formatted.

     In addition to your notes and class handouts, remember that you have Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar as a resource.

     Each quiz will ask you to re-read sections of the Georgics and to locate certain grammatical and syntactic constructions (e.g. purpose clauses, result clauses, gerundives, and so on).  Once you have located a construction, you should do the following:

1.  Quote as much of the construction as you need in order to demonstrate that you have located it successfully.  Although your focus will be on subordinate clauses, as a general rule you should include some of the main clauses for context.  By using only the necessary components of the main and subordinate clauses, you show that you are a careful and discerning reader.

2.  Include poem/line references with your quotation.

3.  Provide a translation of the quotation, which should be as accurate as possible.  Be sure to translate only what you have quoted, not what is actually in your text.  Be sure to use your own words.

4.  Identify and discuss the essentials of the construction with reference to the patterns we have observed in class.  Be sure to relate the subordinate clause back to the main clause.

     Important:  You should consult the handout on subordinate clauses to help your discussion, especially as regards the essential elements of each construction.  See the Downloads Page for details.

     EXAMPLE.  Assume the quiz calls for a result clause:

labor additus, ut mala culmos esset robigo. (G. 1.150-151)

Work (was) added, with the result that a bad blight was on the stalks.

Discussion.   The main clause consists of labor additus (est), the imposition of work.  The subordinate clause consists of ut esset, with esset being the subjunctive verb of result.  The subordinate clause explains the result of work being added to man's existence -- a blight on the crops.

     If you compare the above quotation from the Georgics with what is actually printed in your textbook, you will see that some words have been omitted in the service of a more coherent discussion.  In fact, the word mala could just as well have been omitted from the quotation.

     As you can see, your success on the quiz depends on many things:  your ability to analyze the Latin, to discuss it cogently, and to offer a correct translation.   While the style of your discussion might differ from the one above, you should nevertheless strive for clarity at all times.



Quiz 1
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