quizzes will test your overall comprehension of the
grammar and syntax of intermediate Latin poetry.
various intervals throughout the term, you will be assigned
a take-home quiz that must be completed by the specified
date. Your responses in each quiz must be typed
and neatly formatted.
addition to your notes and class handouts, remember
that you have Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar
as a resource.
Each quiz will ask you to re-read
sections of the Georgics and to locate certain grammatical
and syntactic constructions (e.g. purpose clauses, result
clauses, gerundives, and so on). Once
you have located a construction, you should do the following:
as much of the construction as you need in order to demonstrate
that you have located it successfully. Although
your focus will be on subordinate clauses, as a general
rule you should include some of the main clauses for context. By
using only the necessary components of the main and subordinate
clauses, you show that you are a careful and discerning
poem/line references with your quotation.
a translation of the quotation, which should be as accurate
as possible. Be sure to translate only what you
have quoted, not what is actually in your text.
Be sure to use your own words.
and discuss the essentials of the construction with reference
to the patterns we have observed in class. Be
sure to relate the subordinate clause back to the main clause.
should consult the handout on subordinate clauses to help
your discussion, especially as regards the essential elements
of each construction. See the Downloads
Page for details.
the quiz calls for a result clause:
additus, ut mala culmos esset robigo. (G. 1.150-151)
(was) added, with the result that a bad blight was on
The main clause consists of labor additus (est),
the imposition of work. The subordinate clause
consists of ut esset, with esset
being the subjunctive verb of result. The subordinate
clause explains the result of work being added to man's
existence -- a blight on the crops.
you compare the above quotation from the Georgics with
what is actually printed in your textbook, you will see that
some words have been omitted in the service of a more coherent
discussion. In fact, the word mala could
just as well have been omitted from the quotation.
you can see, your success on the quiz depends on many things:
your ability to analyze the Latin, to discuss it cogently,
and to offer a correct translation. While
the style of your discussion might differ from the one above,
you should nevertheless strive for clarity at all times.