Pompeiian fresco, 1st c. AD
Home

HI202 ROMAN HISTORY
MWF 1.25-2.20 (Ladd 307)


Prof. Michael Arnush Ladd 209 x5462
marnush@skidmore.edu Hours: TuW 11
Overview
Texts
Requirements

Schedule-Introduction

Schedule - Full
Web Resources

Skidmore College
September
  1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30        
 
October
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  
 
November
            1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30        
 
December
  1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Wed. 9/3 What is history? 
     
Fri. 9/5

Sources & Methods

Material culture

  • RVE: pp. 4-6 ("The Evidence")
  • HAR: pp. 1-17 & Polybius 1.1-5; 3.31
  • HAR: pp. 169-70 & Livy, Preface
  • ARD: pp. 440-51 (skim)
   
Mon. 9/8

Early Italy

Material culture

  • RVE: pp. 1-4, 6-25
  • HAR: Livy 1.1-7
   
Wed. 9/10

Rome & Etruscans

Material culture

   
Fri. 9/12

Urban Community: Rome under Kings

Etruscan Rome

   
Mon. 9/15 Beginning of Roman res publica
  • RVE: pp. 48-57
  • Livy 1.18-21 (Perseus: scroll to ch.18); 2.1-2 (Perseus) [NOTE: if you're having trouble with this link, to book 2, chapters 1 and 2, the first link continues to work. Click on the one for book 1, chapters 18-21, and then change the box on the page from "Liv. 1" to Liv. 2" and that brings you to book 2; chapters 1 and 2 will be the first two chapters.]
  • HAR: Livy 1.55-60; 2.31-40; 3.33-7, 44-9, 56-8
   
Wed. 9/17

Roman magistracies

Political values

   
Fri. 9/19

Rome in 4th C.

Conflict of Orders

4th century BCE

  • RVE: pp. 75-86
  • HAR: Livy 5.34-49
  • The conquest of Veii: Livy 5.1 (Perseus), 5.21-2 (Perseus)
  • The Samnite Wars: Livy 7.29 (the start of hostilities, 343 BCE) (Perseus), 9.5-6 (the defeat at the Caudine Forks, 321 BCE) (Perseus), 10.28-9 (the decisive battle at Sentium, 295 BCE) (Perseus)
   
Mon. 9/22

Rome's conquest of Italy

3rd c.: phase 1

  • RVE: pp. 86-96, 98-104
  • ARD: pp. 243-9 (#291)
  • The Pyrrhic Wars: Plutarch, Life of Pyrrhus 21 (Lacus Curtius — scroll down)
  • Epitaph of Scipio Barbatus, consul 298 BCE: "Cornelius Lucius Scipio Barbatus, son of Gnaeus, a brave and wise man, whose physical form was equal to his virtue — he was consul, censor, aedile among you — he stormed Taurasia and Cisauna in Samnium; he subjugated all Lucania and led off war captives."
  • Short paper due
   
Wed. 9/24 Beginning of empire: First Punic War & onset of Second
  • RVE: pp. 97-8, 104-11
  • HAR: Polybius 1.6-14
  • Polybius 1.20-3 (Perseus), 62-3 (Perseus)
  • HAR: Polybius 3.1, 4, 6-30
   
Fri. 9/26

Second Punic War

  • RVE: pp. 111-9
  • HAR: Livy 21.1-2, 20-48; 22.3-7, 44-51; 30.28-37
  • MAP QUIZ #1 (map): Adriatic Sea, Apennine Mtns, Campania, Cannae, Capua, Carthage, Caudine Forks, Etruria, Lake Trasimene, Latium, Messana, Po [Padus] River, Rome, Samnium, Sardinia, Sicily, Syracuse, Tarentum
   
Mon. 9/29

Second Punic War, pt. 2

Archimedes Palimpsest

  • Same readings for 9/26
   
Wed. 10/1

Conquest of Mediterranean

  • RVE: pp. 119-35
  • HAR: Livy 31.1; 33.30-3, 38-40; 38.37-8; 39.51
  • Plutarch, Life of Flamininus 16.3-4 (Lacus Curtius)
   
Fri. 10/3

Italy & Empire (.pdf file)

2nd century BCE (2 .ppt images)

  • RVE: pp. 136-53
  • HAR: Livy 34.1-8
  • ARD: pp. 125-7 (#163-4), 139 (#176), 170-2 (#207-8), 179-80 (#219), 393-7 (#435-6)
   
Mon. 10/6

The Gracchi

Family tree

  • RVE: pp. 153-65
  • HAR: Appian Civil Wars 1.1-26
  • ARD: p. 153 (family tree of Scipio Aemilianus & Gracchi)
  • Nature of Roman politics
   
Wed. 10/8 Rise of Dynasts: Marius
   
Fri. 10/10 

Social War and Civil War: Sulla

Sample essay

  • RVE: pp. 176-204
  • Appian, Civil Wars 1.11.95-101 (Perseus)
   
Mon. 10/13

Crassus, Pompey & Revolt of Spartacus

OPTIONAL: On the trial of a provincial governor, see ARD #321; read "Palin Denies Abuse of Power" for a modern analogy

  • RVE: pp. 204-19
  • ARD: pp. 139-41 (#177)
  • Plutarch, Life of Crassus 8-11 (Lacus Curtius)
  • Cicero, The Command of Pompey 27-32, 43-5, 47-9 (Perseus) (the link takes you to a collection of speeches; you want the one entitled "On the Defense of the Proposed Manilian Law." Substitute "Man. 27" for what appears in the search box to start the reading.) If that doesn't work, go to the beta version of the Perseus website.
  • Spartacus: Historical Background
   
Wed. 10/15 Cicero & Catiline
   
Fri. 10/17

Breakdown of the res publica: First Triumvirate

Roman villas

-----

Celebration Weekend

  • RVE: pp. 225-36
  • HAR: Cicero, Letters p. 129
  • ARD: pp. 225-6 (#266)
  • Cicero on the triumvirs
  • HAR: Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar 19-23
  • Begin Final Project
   
Mon. 10/20

The 50s: Caesar in Gaul, conflict in Rome

Gravediggers of the Republic

Gaul, Parthia, Italy

   
Wed. 10/22

Civil War I: Dictator

HBO Rome (tentative)

   
Fri. 10/24 Study Day
  • No Class
   
Mon. 10/27 Midterm
   
Wed. 10/29 Civil War II: Second Triumvirate & triumph of Octavian
   
Fri. 10/31 Augustus & Pax Romana
   
Mon. 11/3 Women in the Age of Augustus
  • ARD: pp. 37 (#54), 43-7 (#57-66), 50-1 (#71-2), 54-5 (#77), 288-91 (#325-9), 296 -7 (#333), 299 (#336), 301-6 (#339-47)
  • Additional texts: Women's Life in Greece & Rome
  • Final project: Essay 1 due
   
Wed. 11/5 Augustus & Pax Romana Carry-over from Friday, 10/31
   
Fri. 11/7 Julio-Claudians I: Tiberius & Caligula
   
Mon. 11/10

Julio-Claudians II: Claudius & the Principate

   
Wed. 11/12 Julio-Claudians III: Nero & Civil War
  • RVE: pp. 332-7
  • HAR: Tacitus, Annals 13.1-5; 14.1-11, 60-5; 15.37-44, 60-4; 16.18-9; Histories 1.1-16; 3.66-72
   
Fri. 11/14 Flavian Principate
   
Mon. 11/17

New beginning: Nerva & Trajan

  • RVE: pp. 365-81
  • Inscription, Rome (ILS 274): "To the Freedom restored by Imperator Nerva Ca<es>ar Augustus in the 848th year of the founding of the city, the 14th day before the [Kalends] of October [= Sept. 18, 96 CE], the Senate and the People of Rome (dedicated this monument)."
  • HAR: Cassius Dio, Roman History, bk. 68 (epitome)
  • HAR: Pliny, Letters pp. 536-8
  • ARD: pp. 411-12 (#448)
  • Plan of Rome, 100 CE
   
Wed. 11/19 Golden Age: Hadrian & Antonines
   
Fri. 11/21 The nouveau riche: freedmen
   
Mon. 11/24 Peer critiquing of papers

NOTE THE CHANGE: Final Project: Essay 2 due

Email your partner(s) with the ARD passage (email the entry number, not the page number) you wish to discuss in class. Please bring two copies of your second essay to class - one for me, one for your partner(s).

   
Wed. 11/26 Thanksgiving
  • No Class
     
Fri. 11/28 Thanksgiving
  • No Class
     
Mon. 12/1

Severans and Crisis of the 3rd C.

 

   
Tues. 12/2 Gladiator: Emerson Auditorium, 7pm
   
Wed. 12/3 Romanization and provincial life: Roman Britain
  • What does it mean to be Roman?
    • Review RVE pp. 337-351, 379-392
    • Read RVE pp. 416-425
  • What is life like in the provinces, away from the center of the empire? What is it like to be in the army, to be a local magistrate, to be in the upper or lower classes?
  • Case Study: frontier correspondence (Vindolanda Tablets) - please select any one document from the Vindolanda Tablets, print out the document (Latin, English translation and commentary), and bring it to class with you. Be prepared to comment on what this document reveals about provincial life.
  • Mapping History: Romanization: please examine all five parts of this section of Mapping History.
   
Fri. 12/5

Rome & Christianity

NEW: the martyr Vibia Perpetua, 203 CE

  • RVE: pp. 425-30
  • ARD: pp. 400-404 (#439); pp. 412-416 (#449-51)
  • Cassius Dio, Roman History bk. 72.8-10 (epitome) (Lacus Curtius)
  • Libellus from the Decian persecution, 250 CE, image and text:
    "To those in charge of the sacrifices of the village Theadelphia, from Aurelia Bellias, daughter of Peteres, and her daughter, Kapinis. We have always been constant in sacrificing to the gods, and now too, in your presence, in accordance with the regulations, I have poured libations and sacrificed and tasted the offerings, and I ask you to certify this for us below. May you continue to prosper.
    (2nd hand) We, Aurelius Serenus and Aurelius Hermas, saw you sacrificing.
    (3rd hand) I, Hermas, certify.
    (1st hand) The 1st year of the Emperor Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Pius Felix Augustus, Pauni 27."
  • The Canons of Elvira (church council, c. 306 CE) (link)
   
Mon. 12/8 New Empire of Diocletian & Constantine
   
Wed. 12/10 After Constantine
   
Fri. 12/12 Ladd 209
  • Final Project due by 5pm
   
Thurs. 12/18 Final Exam, 6-9pm
  • Review sheet