CC222 Tragedy and the Polis
Dates Political events Literature and art
525 Peisistratid family rules Athens Birth of Aeschylus and tragedy c.525
499-494 Ionians try to rebel from Persian Empire Birth of Sophocles c.495
490 First Persian invasion: Battle of Marathon  Death of Aeschylus' brother Cynegirus
480 Second Persian invasion: Battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea Birth of Euripides c.485
Aeschylus' Persians 472
478 Creation of Delian League Acropolis in ruins
460 Pericles' career begins (462-429) Aeschylus' Oresteia 458
Death of Aeschylus 456
450 Growth of Athenian empire
Pericles launches building program
Herodotus' Histories
Parthenon begun
Sophocles' Women of Trachis 450-430
Sophocles' Ajax 450-430
432/1 Outbreak of Peloponnesian War Thucydides begins his History
Euripides' Medea 431
430 Plague in Athens; death of Pericles Pericles' Funeral Oration 431
430-21 First decade of war: chaos and stasis, stalemate and peace Sophocles' Oedipus 430-(?)428
Euripides' Hippolytus 428
416 War resumes c. 418: Melian Expedition; Sicilian Expedition Euripides' Herakles 416-414
Euripides' Trojan Women 415
404 Sparta defeats Athens 
Death of Socrates 399
Death of Euripides 406
Death of Sophocles 406/5
Euripides' Bacchae c.406/5
Aristophanes' Frogs 405