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Biology Department
 

Outline of Lecture Topics

(last updated Mar. 01, 2013)

Note: Schedule is always provisional & is updated on the web regularly

Quick links 1) web-HUMAN physiology simulation ..

Note: Lecture-Demo (LD) classes, as they occur, will be placed within this schedule under the Topic column.

Lectures always meet in Dana 240. Lecture-Demo classes always meet in Dana 316B.

For further details on how to use this page, see the web section About this course [link].


- Watch for announcements/ updates here ! -

Most recent site updates - 1] 17- Metab Tusco 2] 16_Metab2_HypoxiaHighAltitude [all documents] 2] 15a_Metab2_Physiological Regulation


Date Topic Primary Reading Supplementary Readings & Other Materials
Jan. 23, W 1] Comparative viewpoint, adaptation- systems/regulation- lecture (L) Lecture PDF [link] - a cut down version

5-20, Appendix B SN 284-87, 418-419

H & W 17-27,

In class B/W HO plus in color link (link)

Warning-LARGE File

1] Carey et al.,

2] Bluefin's End

3] Too much Sushi [1]

Jan. 25, F 2] Respiration- Overview/ / Diffusive and Convective Transport - (L)/gas diffusion & bulk transport- Lecture, preliminary version PDF [link], final notes [link] 5-17, Appendix B  
Jan. 28, M  3] Respiration - Gases in Air & H2O- lecture (L) - . Preliminary PDF [link]

17-25, may include in class lecture questions and hand out (HO)

 
Jan. 30 4] Respiration in water - (L) Preliminary Lecture PDF [link] - , Final Lecture [link], Great class!! Solid prep; fine questions ... keep going!! 17-25/25-41  
Feb. 01 5] Respiration in air I - (L) Preliminary Lecture PDF [link] , Final Lecture [link] 25-41  
Feb. 04 6] Respiration in air II - Transitional (multi-modal) vertebrates, avian, insect -Preliminary Lecture PDF [link] , with in-class notes [link] 41-63  
Feb. 06 7] Circulation - Blood gas transport of O2 - O2 "How to put the steep part of the curve where you need it!" Lecture PDF [link][may be reworked some over the weekend], Prelim Lecture [link] 65-81

Lec. Quest. - O2

[link]

Feb. 08  8] Circulation - Blood gas transport of CO2 - CO2 & O2 transport by blood [role of CO2 in pH balance will be discussed in the Control of Respiration lecture]. Lecture Final version PDF [link  3 handouts, 81-89  Lec. Quest.-CO2

[link]

Feb. 11  9] LD - O2 & CO2 in Blood Simulation Class
  • 1] Prep materials HO 08 Feb. a] the web_HUMAN simulation is at http://placid.skidmore.edu/ b]"How To-Introductory Tutorial" is available here [link] .

  • 2] In class Lecture Notes - final version + with extra credit option [link] on last 2 pages (also distributed via email) 

Review SN

65-89

Complete 'Teach yourself web-HUMAN' before lab

Feb. 13 10] Comparative Circulation 1- Evolution / pumps, values & circuits Prelim. Lecture PDF [link] - Lecture PDF [link] 91-115  
Feb. 15 11] Comparative Circulation 2 - Evolution, Mechanics concluded/Cardiac Output Lecture PDF [link] 91-115, 104, 509, 514 Bar Head Geese Himalayan migration [link]  
Feb. 18, M 12] Comparative Circulation 3- Cardiac Output/Blood Pressure Lecture Circ. 3 PDF [link] 93-115  
Feb. 20, W 13] Comparative Circulation 4- Blood Pressure, Fluid balance Final Lecture PDF [link] 105-115, Skip invert circ. except figs. 3-25 & 3-26  
Feb. 22, F 14] Examination I (13 lectures) - sample exam & question types have been posted (On Main Page) since 8 Feb.    
Feb. 25, M

15a] Metabolism I / Introduction to Physiological Regulation + prep for regulation during hypoxia- Lecture PDF w/ in-class notes [link] , 

15b] Metabolism I / Metabolic adaptations to hypoxia - high altitude, diving- Lecture PDF w/ in-class notes [link] , you should cover diving on your own; SN is very strong

Diving 178-192 

High Altitude 209-211

-optional-

John West

Popular Press -Everest

Feb. 27, W 16] Metabolism II / High Altitude Lecture-Demo - Pre & in-class materials 1] Pre-class handout [link], 2] In-Class discussion of results [link] , 3] in-lab work - the price of polycythemia + "exercise tolerance at 3 different altitude locations [link] Setup screens for the "3 altitudes exercise experiment" 1 , 2 Forced Relocation of HiAtlPopulation [link]

Mar. 01, F

17] Metabolism III / Intro to organismal metabolism, metabolic scaling, Tusco! Lecture PDF [link] 169-178, 193-209, App. C  
Mar. 04, M

18] Metabolism III -Adaptive Intermediary metabolism- anaerobic metabolism/a) anaerobiasis - how to use goldfish to make an alcohol still b) activity metabolism 3) O2 limitation 4) diving - review on your own! -, Lecture PDF [link]

Reading - Other Aspects (previously assigned) - limits of human work at high altitude [link]

170-192, Anaerobiasis 175-178  
Warning - Materials & links below here are not yet fully updated
Mar. 06 19] Thermal Physiology I - Heat exchange, heat balance - the "rules" - Quick intro to effects, heat balance & heat flow, Lecture PDF with possible in-class notes [link]

217-238

____

217-225, Appendix D

 
Mar. 08  20] Thermal Physiology II -Regulation in Warm Environments - Lecture PDF with possible in-class notes [link]  254-269  

 Spring Vacation Mar. 09-17   

Mar. 18 21] Thermal Physiology III - Regulation in Cold Environments - Lecture PDF preliminary [ link ]  217-284  
Lectures below here are not yet rescheduled - Exam dates remains the same   
Mar. xx  21] Thermal Physiology IV - Temperature Regulation - Lecture PDF w/ notes [link]     
Mar. 20  22] Thermal Physiology V - Temperature Effects - Effects, short term 'solutions', (additional req. reading- Km adjustments, more PDF), Lecture PDF [link] - lecture to be continued in Thermal Physiology VI below  225-238, 241-254  
Mar. 22  23]  Thermal Physiology VI - Effects (concluded), more on heterothermy & countercurrent heat exchangers - Temp Effects concluded [link] and Temperature & other biological countercurrents [link]  269--284, 465-470  
Mar. 25, M 24] No lecture    
Mar. 27 25] Water balance & osmoregulation I - Aquatic environments - Overview of H20 & salt balance - Choice of a) Lecture PDF formatted as class note handout with diagrams [link] and b) Lecture PDF [link] - Frog Skin [link]

Ch.8 

Appendix E 

s

 
Mar. 29 26] Water balance & osmoregulation II - Terrestrial environments - Lecture PDF [link] 324-343, 591-3  
Apr. 01, M 27] Osmoregulation III - Introduction to vertebrate kidney -Terrestrial Water balance - Lecture PDF [link] possible extra kidney histology lab-type reading- first 7 pages [link], plus for Osmo 1-5 note supplementary Osmoregulation reading on right Lecture PDF annotated [link]    
Apr. 03 28] Examination 2 (Cardiorespiratory regulation <-> Osmoregulation 3)/Sample study materials/exam2 link tobe posted (On Main Page or in Resources)

314-321, 378-388, lab kidney reading

Osmoregulation reading
Apr. 05

29] Osmoregulation IV - Vertebrate kidney - Regulation of water balance (ADH system) & Intro to salt balance (JGA & ALDO)

Leccture PDF annotated [link]

314-321, 378-388, 502-505, possible lab-like [histology] kidney reading  
Apr. 08 30] Osmoregulation V - Comparative regulation of salt balance concluded Lecture PDF [link]// N balance in Vertebrates & selected invertebrates - Lecture PDF [link] 314-321, 378-388, 502-505, possible Lecture handouts (4 pgs)  
Apr. 10 31] Muscle 1 - Basic properties I - Force generation/Length-tension - What is the Comparative Viewpoint on muscle /Muscle Mechanics of Muscle myofilaments, contractile proteins, length-tension // frog jumping muscle maximization of force- Lecture as delivered PDF [link] A 395-41
B 430-462
 
Apr. 12 

32] Muscle 2 - Basic properties II - Basic properties -Ca++ / Excitation-contraction coupling - Ca2+ kinetic

Basic Properties III -Whole muscle properties F-Vel., power & series elastic lag - Lecture PDF [link] 

 Reading supplement [link], Fish swim muscle is optional  SN Ch 5
Apr. 15  33] Muscle 3- 1) Basic Properties concluded 2) Applications - Integrative examples - How to adapt the same muscle to differing tasks - 2 kinds of muscle, Power muscle- frog jumping muscle High Speed sound muscle- toadfish sonic muscle, rattlesnake shaker muscle - Lecture PDF [link]  SN Ch 5, supplement [link] , Fish swim muscle is optional   Note: Fish swim muscle may be optional
Apr. 27  34] Muscle 4 - Use of muscle at organismal level - // , whole animal biomechanics (human, dog, elephant), catch muscle, Other motility mechanisms - hydrostatic skeletons, buoyancy- swim bladders & gas cells - Lecture Notes [link]  SN Ch 5,
Swim bladder 452-458, More insect flight muscle [link]
-
NS Development HO 163-175 for next lecture- see below 
 Electric fish [link]
Apr. 19 

35] Nervous system I - Developmental neuroanatomy - Lecture #1 of the Nervous System lecture series- we use neural development as our key to basic neural anatomy

 1) Developmental circulation as an example 2) Link to HO color figures of the lecture & reading. 3) possible additional neurohistology

Development HO 163-175 [link]

Also possible Neurohistology reading - Organization of NS 387-96 

Development HO in color [link]  
Apr 22 

36]  Nervous system II - Evolution of the NS - General Trends in Animal & Especially in Vertebrate NS - 1) Lecture Notes Evolution [link] 2) Lecture Notes Neocortex [link] *EC = extensively commented/also consult Revised Assignment handout (right) 

 Evolution Neocortex (W)
[link]
 Revised assignment
Apr. 24 

37] Nervous system Iii - Vertebrate Sensory Processing - NS selects information/NS maps the world-

  • mammalian somatic general sensory [lecture notes link]*EC

  • Primate visual [Lecture notes [link]] *EC and 

  • Owl auditory [lecture notes link] mapping - optional/extra credit

  • Lateral inhibition - in the vertebrate retina, see SN Fig. 13.22 - 13.23 as applied to the Limulus eye

- /also consult Revised Assignment handout (right)

[Cat-"Here's lookin' at Ya'" / original cat paper (purely optional) [link]] 

Vision,(esp. 442-453, audition , SN 13.22-13.23, SN565-570,

SN Fig. 13.22 - 13.23

See right for revised assignment

 
 Revised assignment
Apr. 26 

38] Nervous system IV / - Vertebrate Motor Control systems - reflexes, quadrapedal locomotion, role of the neocortex-

[lecture notes link] *EC + possible substantial preliminary lecture handout - /also consult Revised Assignment handout (right) 

 SN 570 - 574 SN

466 - 469

 Revised assignment
Apr. 29 

39] Nervous system V / - physiological co-evolution in a sample 2 organism system - fish and snake - [lecture notes link] + Mauthner cell reading [link

For extra credit/optional read the distributed snake paper "Function of the appendages in tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatus)"[link] / evaluations 

SN fig. 13.8, 13.9   Fish & Snake

Reading, 2 , 

More Fish & Snake 1 ,3

May 01-05  Study days (May 1 Th -May 5 Sun.)     

May 6-10

TBA

Exam III- Registrar scheduled ( covers lectures from (& including) Osmoregulation 3 to NS VI ) Exam in Dana 240 no early exams except for Seniors - please plan accordingly! This exam is scheduled as a "final" by the registrar but counts only as a third hour exam. Note that senior grades are due early [Th 9] & that arrangements may be made for senior grades to be submitted slightly late.

-----------------------------------------

Note that 1 of 2 extra credit options may be available - 1) Owl auditory [lecture notes link] mapping 2) "Function of the appendages in tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatus)"[link]

   
Warning! Material & links below here not yet fully updated for this year
optional __optional topic [not part of 2013 course__    
optional Nervous system VII - Comparative Sensory reception 7/or Behavior/flex topic TBA  
optional 13] Comparative Circulation 4- Blood Pressure, Fluid balance Notes may be distributed in-paper in lecture Lecture PDF [link]

105-115,

Skip invert circ. except figs. 3-25 & 3-26

 
  13?] Circulatory & Respiration- Cardiorespiratory regulation Lecture PDF [ link ] with some post-class notes

465-470, Ch. 1& 2

Feedback Control Homeostasis (HO)

 
  Not planned yet to be used in Comp Vert 2013 / or for storage  

SN TBA, Withers 329-360

Michael's frog vision [link]

*Other- Visual systems 439-458 [link] , Auditory [link]

For detailed notes on lecture policies, exams, attendance policy and all other course nuts & bolts please see the document About this course [ link ].

Key to some terms above

Instructor Office Telephone Email Office Hours

Roy Meyers

(Bi 251 & Bi 351)

Da 345 ext 5079  rmeyers@skidmore.edu Wed. 12:30 - 3:30 (Bi 251, Bi 351)

Note: Any distributed printed outline is a preliminary outline which will be modified on this web site as the course proceeds. The web site's course outline of today is the 'official' current outline. Make a habit of consulting it regularly.

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