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Skidmore College
Environmental Studies and Sciences



CLUSTER A: Culture, Society, and the Environment

Courses in Cluster A examine the social and cultural dimensions of environmental issues. Drawing upon disciplinary and interdisciplinary foundations in the social sciences, humanities, and arts, these courses provide the student with an understanding of how changes in the environment affect social organization and cultural development. Courses in this cluster also examine how society and culture affect the environment and influence human response to environmental issues. Cluster A courses emphasize social and cultural perspectives (i.e., social sciences, humanities, and arts), although concepts in the natural sciences may be introduced as background material. Cluster A courses apply to the Environmental Studies major, the Environmental Science major, and the ESS minor.

AH 208 - Art and the Environment in Ancient Mesoamerica and South America

AM 252 - The Hudson River

AM 263 - The Machine in the Garden

AN 205 - Mesoamerican Archaeology

AN 207 - North American Archaeology

AN 252 - Non-Western Themes in Anthropology (when topic is Mesoamerican Archeology II)

AS 221 - The Himalayas: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the "Roof of the World" 

EC 104 - Introduction to Microeconomics 

EC 286 - Economics of Development

EC 243 - Environmental and Resource Economics

EN 224 - Literature and the Environment 

ES 221 - Sustainable Development 

ES 223 - Environmental Justice

ES 224 - Political Ecology

ES 302 - Environment and Development in the Middle East 

ES 303 - The Politics of Food, Agriculture, and Social Justice 

ES 305 - Environmental Education 

ES 306 - U.S. Public Lands and Oceans: Policy, Law, Management, and Current Events 

ES 307 - Global Environmental Governance 

ES 352C - Advanced Topics in Environmental Studies and Sciences (when topic is Urban Planning)

HP 131 - Introduction to Public Health

HP 361 - Topics in Exercise Science (when topic is Contemporary Issues in Public Health)

GW 210 - Ecofeminism, Women, and the Environment 

HI 116H - Sea Changes: A History of the World's Oceans 

HI 264 - History of the American West 

HI 266 - American Environmental History

HI 267 - American Indian History  

HI 280 - Science and Nature in the Renaissance 

HI 312 - Industry, Empire, and the Environment

MB 351 - Special Topics in Management and Business (when the topic is Business and the Natural Environment)

PH 225 - Environmental Philosophy

PL 231 - Environmental Politics and Policy 

PL 338 - International Diplomatic Negotiations 

PL 339 - International Political Economy and the Environment 

RE 225 - Religion and Ecology

SO 223 - Environmental Sociology

SO 331 - Women in Global Economy

SO 326 - Social Theories of the Environment 

SO 351 A-D - Advanced Special Topics in Sociology (when the topic is Population Explosion in Sociological Perspective)

WLL 263 A-D - Topics in Foreign Literature and Culture (when topic is Green Italy: Gardens, Food, and Material Culture)

WLS 325 - Advanced Studies: Environmental Perspectives 

WLS 331 - Tales of the Wondrous Lands: The Hispanic Transatlantic World 


CLUSTER B1 AND B2: Exploring the Natural World

Courses in these clusters examine the physical and biological aspects of environmental issues and, to a significant extent, examine how these aspects influence and are influenced by people. These courses offer students a scientific foundation in environmental issues by drawing on disciplinary and interdisciplinary courses in biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, physics, and/or other disciplines. Cluster B courses emphasize the natural sciences, although social and cultural dimensions may be introduced as background material.
Cluster B1 courses apply to the Environmental Studies major only, whereas Cluster B2 courses can be used for both the Environmental Studies major and the Environmental Science major.  Both B1 and B2 courses can count towards the ESS minor.

Cluster B1


Cluster B2

BI 224 - Evolution

BI 239 - Parasitology, Epidemiology, and Public Health

BI 241 - Ecology

BI 307 - Ornithology

BI 316 - Animal Behavior

BI 325 - Tropical Ecology

BI 327 - Conservation Ecology

BI 338 - Plant Biotechnology

BI 339 - Plant-Animal Interactions

BI 351 - Topics in Biology (when topic is Ecology of North America)

CH 221 - Organic Chemistry I

CH 222 - Organic Chemistry II

CH 232 - Analytical Methods in Chemistry 

CH 351 - Special Topics In Chemistry (when topic is Atmosphere Chemistry)

CH 353 - Topics in Environmental Chemistry

ES 205 - Ecosystem Science and Analysis of Forested Landscapes 

ES 206 - Environmental Engineering and the Science of Sustainability 

ES 222 - Energy Systems and Sustainable Solutions 

ES 252 A-D - Topics in Environmental Studies and Sciences 

ES 308 - Soil and Watershed Science for a Crowded Planet 

HP 242 - Principles of Nutrition for Health and Performance 

GE 208 - Origin and Distribution of Natural Resources 

GE 211 - Climatology

GE 235 - Data Analysis, Modeling, and Scientific Programming: Earth and Environmental Sciences 

GE 301 - Hydrogeologic Systems

GE 302 - Reading the Sedimentary Record: Sedimentology and Stratigraphy 

GE 304 - Geomorphology

GE 305 - Remote Sensing of the Earth and Environment 

GE 306 - Oceans and Global Change 

GE 309 - Field Techniques

GE 311 - Paleoclimatology 

GE 320 - Global Biogeochemical Cycles 

ID 351 -Topics in Interdisciplinary Studies (Spatial Analysis & Modeling)


BI 235 - Biostatistics 

EC 237 - Statistical Methods 

ID 210 - Introduction to GIS 

SO 226 - Statistics for the Social Sciences